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Tafseer Surah Al Shams (Dr Muhammad Salah)



AL-SHAMS
The Solar
الشمس
Meccan (surah 91 • 15 ayahs)
»The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by THE SUN because it shines out with morning’s radiance. It’s named after “the solar” (al-shams), talked about in verse 1. The central theme of the surah contact upon purifying or corrupting the soul, with the tribe of Thamūd given for instance of corruption.«
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
BI-SMI LLĀHI R-RAḤMĀNI R-RAḤĪMI
1StopPlay
القرآن:
وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-sh-shamsi wa-ḍuḥāhā
TRANSLATION:
By the solar and her forenoon splendour,
2
القرآن:
وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-l-qamari ʾidhā talāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the moon when he follows her,
three
القرآن:
وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-n-nahāri ʾidhā jallāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the day when it reveals her,
four
القرآن:
وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-l-layli ʾidhā yaghshāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the night time when it covers her,
5
القرآن:
وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-s-samāʾi wa-mā banāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the sky and Him who constructed it,
6
القرآن:
وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-l-ʾarḍi wa-mā ṭaḥāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the earth and Him who unfold it,
7
القرآن:
وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-nafsin wa-mā sawwāhā
TRANSLATION:
by the soul and Him who customary it,
eight
القرآن:
فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
fa-ʾalhamahā fujūrahā wa-taqwāhā
TRANSLATION:
and impressed it with
[discernment between] its virtues and vices:
9
القرآن:
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
qad ʾaflaḥa man zakkāhā
TRANSLATION:
one who purifies it’s felicitous,
10
القرآن:
وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ دَسَّاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-qad khāba man dassāhā
TRANSLATION:
and one who betrays it fails.
11
القرآن:
كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
kadhdhabat thamūdu bi-ṭaghwāhā
TRANSLATION:
The [people of] Thamūd denied [Allah’s signs] out of their riot,
12
القرآن:
إِذِ انْبَعَثَ أَشْقَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
ʾidhi nbaʿatha ʾashqāhā
TRANSLATION:
when essentially the most wretched of them rose up.
13
القرآن:
فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ نَاقَةَ اللَّهِ وَسُقْيَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
fa-qāla lahum rasūlu llāhi nāqata llāhi wa-suqyāhā
TRANSLATION:
However then the apostle of Allah mentioned to them,
‘Let Allah’s she-camel drink!’
14
القرآن:
فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ بِذَنْبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
fa-kadhdhabūhu fa-ʿaqarūhā fa-damdama ʿalayhim rabbuhum bi-dhanbihim fa-sawwāhā
TRANSLATION:
However they impugned him after which hamstrung her,
so their Lord took them unawares by night1
due to their sin,
and levelled it.2
Or ‘destroyed them,’ or ‘crushed them,’ or ‘introduced down His punishment (or wrath) upon them.’
That’s, razed their metropolis to the bottom.
15StopPlay
القرآن:
وَلَا يَخَافُ عُقْبَاهَا
TRANSLITERATION:
wa-lā yakhāfu ʿuqbāhā
TRANSLATION:
And He doesn’t concern its final result.

Dr. Muhammad Salah is among the well-know students in US
He lead the Islamic Heart of Victoria, Texas and based two Islamic and Arabic colleges, Particularly Iman Stems and the Muslim Era
He’s the presenter of Ask Huda, one of the vital well-known Fatawa applications broadcast at Huda TV.
He works because the spiritual supervisor of Huda TV.

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